HHA PPS Rate Update – CY 2016
From: CMS – MLN Matters – 11/12/15
The Affordable Care Act mandated several changes to Section 1895(b) of the Social Security Act (the Act) and hence the HH PPS Update for CY 2016.
Section 3131(a) of the Affordable Care Act mandated that starting in CY 2014, the Secretary must apply an adjustment to the national, standardized 60-day episode payment rate and other amounts applicable under Section 1895(b)(3)(A)(i)(III) of the Act to reflect factors such as changes in the number of visits in an episode, the mix of services in an episode, the level of intensity of services in an episode, the average cost of providing care per episode, and other relevant factors. In addition, Section 3131(a) of the Affordable Care Act mandates that this rebasing must be phased-in over a 4-year period in equal increments, not to exceed 3.5 percent of the amount (or amounts), as of the date of enactment, applicable under Section 1895(b)(3)(A)(i)(III) of the Act, and be fully implemented by CY 2017.
Section 3401(e) of the ACA requires that the market basket percentage under the HH PPS be annually adjusted by changes in economy-wide productivity for CY 2015 and each subsequent calendar year.
In addition to the Affordable Care Act mandates, Section 421(a) of the Medicare Modernization Act (MMA), as amended by Section 210 of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA) (Pub. L. 114-10), provides an increase of 3 percent of the payment amount otherwise made under Section 1895 of the Act for home health services furnished in a rural area (as defined in Section 1886(d)(2)(D) of the Act), with respect to episodes and visits ending on or after April 1, 2010, and before January 1, 2018. The statute waives budget neutrality related to this provision, as the statute specifically states that the Secretary shall not reduce the standard prospective payment amount (or amounts) under Section 1895 of the Act applicable to home health services furnished during a period to offset the increase in payments resulting in the application of this section of the statute.
Market Basket Update
The CY 2016 HH market basket update is 2.3 percent which is then reduced by a multi-factor productivity (MFP) adjustment of 0.4 percentage points. The resulting HH payment update is equal to 1.9 percent. HHAs that do not report the required quality data will receive a 2 percentage point reduction to the HH payment update of 1.9 percent.
National Standardized 60-Day Episode Payment
As described in the CY 2016 final rule, to determine the CY 2016 national, standardized 60-day episode payment rate, CMS applies a wage index budget neutrality factor of 1.0011 and a case-mix budget neutrality factor of 1.0187 to the previous calendar year’s national, standardized 60-day episode rate ($2,961.38). In order to account for nominal case-mix growth from CY 2012 to CY 2013, CMS applies a payment reduction of 0.97 percent to the CY 2016 national, standardized 60-day episode payment rate. This reduction will also be applied to the CY 2017 and CY 2018 national, standardized 60-day episode payment rate. CMS then applies an $80.95 reduction (which is 3.5 percent of the CY 2010 national, standardized 60-day episode rate of $2,312.94) to the national, standardized 60-day episode rate. Lastly, the national, standardized 60-day episode payment rate is updated by the CY 2016 HH payment update percentage of 1.9 percent for HHAs that submit the required quality data and by 1.9 percent minus 2 percentage points or -0.1 percent for HHAs that do not submit quality data. These two episode payment rates are shown in Tables 1 and 2 below. These payments are further adjusted by the individual episode’s case-mix weight and by the wage index.